Here's the proof: Data and analysis on Edmonton's carding problem
It’s important to show your work. As the issue of ending the systemically discriminatory practice of carding continues to bubble up it’s worth examining how we got here.
Bashir Mohamed, the co-chair of policing with Black Lives Matter, put in a freedom of information request to get the last five years of carding data from the Edmonton Police Service.
Here are the statistics he got back and here is the rest of the FOIP with more detail on Edmonton Police carding practice and procedure, bias awareness and further broken-down street check data (bundled in a .zip file).
Please download them. Read them for yourself. Crunch your own numbers. Make your own conclusions.
After BLM Edmonton got these numbers they put out a call for help and recruited academics and members of their community to help crunch and analyze the numbers and to do legal research and analysis.
We encourage you to download and read Black Lives Matters' 17-page report. The report was put together with the help of Dr. Michelle Maroto and multiple other academics and community members with similar expertise. It lays out their methodology and there are plenty of charts, tables and footnotes.
From the report:
“These results show that Aboriginal and Métis persons experience the greatest exposure to street checks in Edmonton. Even the most conservative estimates show that members of this group are 4 times more likely to experience a street check than white persons…
Within racial minority groups, black, Middle Eastern, and "other non-white" persons had higher than average rates of exposure to street checks with blacks experiencing street checks almost as often as Aboriginal persons.”
It's pretty measured, academic language at the end of day, even though it’s describing a terrible, systematically discriminatory system in action.
Miranda Watters also put together her own ten-page report with some stunning visualizations that do an excellent job of showing the racial disparity in the carding statistics.
We encourage members of the community to download this data, to crunch their own numbers, do their own analysis and to see what kind of results you get.
And if these statistics alarm you, there’s hope -- the government of Alberta has the authority to stop carding now, and public pressure is building rapidly. If you haven’t already, take a moment to use our contact tool to email your MLA and demand that the government stop carding now.